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Heel to Toe Interaction in FEMAP

Pioneer
Pioneer

Hi,

A colleague who is working on simualting a heel-toe interaction and we were wondering on how to model it in FE.

 

I suppose one could use 1D Gap elements but our concern is as follows. We replicated the FEMAP supplied 1D cantilever gap contact example and while viewing the deformed model, it seems like the beam didn't really stop at the node which is fixed i.e. the fixed node (the other end of 1D gap element if one end originates from a node on beam) is not acting as a ground.

 

Was wondering if folks here could point us at some tutorial or literarture on how it can be accomplished using Nastran.

16 REPLIES

Re: Heel to Toe Interaction in FEMAP

Solution Partner Phenom Solution Partner Phenom
Solution Partner Phenom

Hello!,

Please post any picture to understabd better your needs, or much better is to post the FEMAP model with the pictures denoting the error, OK?.

Best regards,

Blas.

Blas Molero Hidalgo, Ingeniero Industrial, Director
IBERISA • 48004 BILBAO (SPAIN)
WEB: http://www.iberisa.com
Blog Femap-NX Nastran: http://iberisa.wordpress.com/

Re: Heel to Toe Interaction in FEMAP

Pioneer
Pioneer

Hi Blas,

I can think of a couple of situations. I am inserting pictures of loading scenarios.

 

Q1.png

Case 2:

 

Q2.png

Please feel free to ask further information if needed.

 

Thx

 

Re: Heel to Toe Interaction in FEMAP

Solution Partner Phenom Solution Partner Phenom
Solution Partner Phenom

Well, depending the detail of your model (global or local) you can use perfectly CGAP elements to define the contact in CBAR/CBeam elements, or surface-to-surface contact in local models meshed with 2-D Shell or 3-D Solid elements; without an specific FEMAP model to comment this is all I can tell you, what´s your problem exactly?.

Best regatds,

Blas.

 

PD

In the Support Website of my company IBERISA you have plenty of problems explained step-by-step of how to use contacts, for instance this one dealing with bolt preload (well, this was the old method having to use a CBEAM element to aplly bolt preload, now with NX NASTRAN V10.2 you can prescribe the bolting preload directly in the 3-D solid mesh of the bolt):

 

http://www.iberisa.com/soporte/femap/tornillos_pretensados_chexa8.htm

 

bolt-preload

 

Best regards,

Blas.

Blas Molero Hidalgo, Ingeniero Industrial, Director
IBERISA • 48004 BILBAO (SPAIN)
WEB: http://www.iberisa.com
Blog Femap-NX Nastran: http://iberisa.wordpress.com/

Re: Heel to Toe Interaction in FEMAP

Solution Partner Phenom Solution Partner Phenom
Solution Partner Phenom

Dear VN1981,

The CGAP element is very, very useful to study node-to-node explicit contact, is the classical (nonlinear) contact element we had more than 25 years ago (yes, how old we are!!). Now the CGAP element can be use it in linear static analysis with NX NASTRAN (SOL101) solver, the caution you must have is to activate the option GAPS AS CONTACT in the Nastran Bulk Data Options when used in linear static analysis, if not the CGAP will run like a spring element, not contact element.

 

cgap-as-contact.png

 

Here you are an example of using the CGP element with the CBEAM element with multiple supports. The intermediate supports are modeled using CGAP compression-only elements to allow the beam to move free in the positive direction of the Y axis.

 

cgap-beam-model.png

 

If you run the linear static analysis you will see the following results written in the F06 file. Also the FREE BODY DIAGRAM is an excellent way to study results, the intermediate support with CGAP element allows the beam element to move free in the vertical direction.

 

                               C O N T A C T  F O R C E S
      POINT ID.   TYPE          T1            T2          T3      R1         R2       R3
             8      G      0.0            3.274576E+03   0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0
            13      G      0.0           -3.274576E+03   0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0
                                                                
                    I N I T I A L  C O N T A C T  S E P A R A T I O N  D I S T A N C E
      POINT ID.   TYPE       DISTANCE
             4      G      0.0
             8      G      0.0
                                                                     
                    D E F O R M E D  C O N T A C T  S E P A R A T I O N  D I S T A N C E
      POINT ID.   TYPE       DISTANCE
             4      G      6.054296E-02
             8      G      1.041701E-15

 cgap-beam-model-postprocessing.png

 

Best regards,

Blas.

Blas Molero Hidalgo, Ingeniero Industrial, Director
IBERISA • 48004 BILBAO (SPAIN)
WEB: http://www.iberisa.com
Blog Femap-NX Nastran: http://iberisa.wordpress.com/

Re: Heel to Toe Interaction in FEMAP

Valued Contributor
Valued Contributor

Blas, can explain why after using the Gap as Contact disappear from the results of the calculation values ​​Gap X Force, Gap Y Shear Force, etc?

Re: Heel to Toe Interaction in FEMAP

Solution Partner Phenom Solution Partner Phenom
Solution Partner Phenom

Hello!,

If you run a genuine nonlinear analysis using NX NASTRAN (SOL106) you will get plenty of CGAP results.

 

cgap-nonlinear-results.png

 

CGAP element forces (or stresses) and relative displacements are requested by the STRESS or FORCE Case Control command and computed in the element coordinate system. A positive axial force Fx indicates compression. For the element with friction, the magnitude of the slip displacement is always less than the shear displacement after the slip starts. For the element without friction, the shear displacements and slip displacements have the same value.

 

Best regards,

Blas.

Blas Molero Hidalgo, Ingeniero Industrial, Director
IBERISA • 48004 BILBAO (SPAIN)
WEB: http://www.iberisa.com
Blog Femap-NX Nastran: http://iberisa.wordpress.com/

Re: Heel to Toe Interaction in FEMAP

Valued Contributor
Valued Contributor

When the linear solution (SOL101) these results do not have?

I understood. When the linear solution (sol 101) using the Gap as Contact no results 3226..Gap X Force, they are replaced by the result 230..Total Contact Force

Re: Heel to Toe Interaction in FEMAP

Pioneer
Pioneer

Blas,

I was trying out a simple test model for Heel-Toe Interaction between two plates in a cantilever configuration. Obviously, I ran in to issues and I have a few questions to get a better understanding of the process.

 

1. PGAP Properties: Initial Gap Opening Distance. So this is based on the actual distance between nodes after taking in to account of thickness of plates elements, right? So if I have a scenario where the two plates are 0.1in thick and they are modeled such that, the separation between them is zero after taking thickness consideration, that would be the initial gap opening distance?

 

A couple of pics to illustrate the structure setup. 

 

1.png2.png

 

The green elements represent CGAP. I have enabled "Treat Gap elements as Contact" options and the analysis is a simple linear static. 

 

2. The second issue I am facing is of 9050 error. I am getting rigid body motion along T1, T2 & R3 directions in one of the nodes connected to CGAP element in the top plate. 

 

So, is CGAP incapable of handling the above type of scenario since there will be an axial load along with bending involved? 

 

I will review NX Nastran manual to find out about the above. 

 

But, I would appreciate any insights from your experience. 

 

Thx

Re: Heel to Toe Interaction in FEMAP

Pioneer
Pioneer
Also, I have a follow up question on surface-surface contact. Suppose if I solve the above setup using surface-surface contact option, how do I "add" the two different results? i.e. I will get one value of peak stresses in the bottom plate due to effect of eccentric axial load and I will get another value of contact stresses due to bearing of top plate on bottom plate. Since the domain is linear elastic, can I just "add" the two different values? How does one interpret the two separate output sets?

Thx