Don't think ther is a function to place that type of dimension automatically......however, a workaround would be to place a fine line sketch, using draw-in-view, and then return to the working sheet to place a smart dimension on that line.
Design Manager Streetscape Ltd
Solid Edge 2019 [MP2] Classic [x3 Seats - Cloud Enabled]
Windows 10 - Quadro P2000
You can do that - on the dimensioning toolbar there is a tangent option
Click that before selecting the first circle/arc and you can dimension tangent to tangent.
Look at the position from his dimension.