I dont think so, not using OOTB reports in Teamcenter. There is an application called Teamcenter reporting and analytics. I have no experience of this, but this might deliver...?
I am not the reporting and analytics expert, but I don't think it can be used to collect such informations...
one thing where you could get such information is not directly a logfile, more the output of the %FMS_HOME%\bin\fccstat.exe utility (with the switch "-status")the information you can see there is cache usage.
If you start to use an empty FCC you might get the usage at the end of the day, but be careful with already populated caches - as you can see in the screenshot, it is started fresh but already has more than 600 files from one of the last RichClient sessions cached.
so you also see meta-data files there while you asked for CAD data only...
NX 11 | SW 2016 | Creo 4 | TcUA 11.4
Evaluating: AW 3.4