Use a VECTOR SUM to simplify your data analysis!
Products and humans experience vibration in 3 dimensions/directions. Whether a particular vibration is in the lateral direction or in the vertical direction, it can still fatigue a part or lead to operator discomfort.
A VECTOR SUM can be applied to the three directions of a triaxial accelerometer to calculate the overall magnitude of vibration, independent of the direction.
The formula for a VECTOR SUM of a triaxial vibration measurement consisting of X, Y and Z is as follows:
So for a vibration levels where X=5g, Y=7g and Z=12g, the VECTOR SUM would be equal to: 14.76g as follows:
However, when using LMS Test.Lab, complex quantities (with both a real and imaginary portion) are often measured. For example, spectrums can include phase. In reality, the VECTOR SUM equation is a bit more complicated, as follows:
Calculating a VECTOR SUM in LMS Test.Lab Signature
In LMS Test.Lab, one can calculate a VECTOR SUM either:
To calculate a VECTOR SUM, set it up in either:
In the “Derived” tab, highlight the first cell in the “Formula” column and press the “F(x)” button above.
Scroll to the bottom of the “Select Function” menu and choose the VECTOR_SUM function. You may need to click the “New function” button once to make three entries possible in the menu.
In the VECTOR_SUM dialog, enter either the Channel reference (CH1, CH2, CH3, etc) or the PointID (left_mnt_act:+X, left_mnt_act:+Y, etc). If you do not know the Channel reference, it is available in the drop down menu in the upper right of the 'Channel Processing Settings' menu.
Either method (the name or number) can be used to refer to a channel. Press OK when finished.
Now a VECTOR_SUM will be calculated on any and all frequency-based data functions: spectrums, autopowers, orders, frequency sections, etc.
Once a VECTOR SUM calculation is setup and created, it is much easier to interpret vibration data. Instead of having to look at three individual graphs for each vibration measurement location, only one graph needs to be viewed to ascertain the overall vibration.
LMS Test.Lab Processing Tips:
LMS Test.Lab Acquisition Tips:
LMS Test.Lab Display Tips: